Crypto & blockchain: Understanding the basics of the digital revolution

crypto & blockchain

Introduction to crypto and blockchain

A cryptocurrency, also called crypto, is a digital asset that exists virtually and uses cryptography to secure transactions. Bitcoin, Ether, Litecoin, and Tether are examples. Crypto operates without the involvement of a trusted third party, such as central banks. Blockchain is the underlying technology that makes it possible. A blockchain is a decentralized, peer-to-peer database with stringent conditions for adding new blocks, a mechanism to maintain its integrity. Each digital asset has its public ledger or blockchain.

What are cryptocurrencies, and how do they work?

Cryptocurrency is digital money that is generated digitally and stored in a decentralized network. Crypto can serve as a medium of exchange and virtual accounting, thanks to encryption technology. You need a crypto wallet to buy or sell crypto.

Understanding blockchain technology

Blockchain technology is the underlying cryptographic process that enables the blockchain to function. Cryptos like Bitcoin rely on blockchain technology to function, just like e-mail relies on the internet. Two key characteristics of blockchains are their immutability and distributed nature.

The importance of cryptocurrency and blockchain in the digital age

Blockchain technology brings a fundamentally different approach to online transactions. The advent of blockchain and the pioneering crypto Bitcoin has upended the financial services space. In a blockchain, all transactions are documented from the maker to the customer.

Types of crypto and blockchain applications

We will discuss some instances of crypto and blockchain applications.

Bitcoin and other major cryptocurrencies

Besides serving as a medium of exchange in commercial transactions, coins may also be used to store value. Bitcoin is the most popular crypto, but competitors, including Ether, Litecoin, and Ripple are also making waves, thanks to increased demand and improved technology.

Altcoins and tokenization

The term “coin” may refer to any crypto, whereas “altcoin” stands for alternative crypto coin. In common parlance, both mean the same thing. Simply put, “altcoins” are digital currencies that are not Bitcoin.
Tokens are digital representations of assets or services often built on top of existing blockchains. Tokens may stand in for anything fungible and easily traded, such as commodities, loyalty points, or even other tokens.

Decentralized Finance (DeFi) and non-fungible tokens (NFTs)

DeFi services such as lending, borrowing, trading, and investing can be carried out using a distributed ledger or blockchain technology.

NFTs are crypto assets that can be tracked individually, thanks to their identification numbers and other meta-data stored in a distributed ledger or blockchain.

Blockchain in supply chain, gaming, and identity management

Blockchain technology can help keep track of goods transported through a logistics or supply chain network. Since information is accessible on a distributed public ledger, it facilitates better two-way communication between businesses. Moreover, the immutability of blockchain data adds a layer of protection against tampering.

How to invest and trade in crypto

Now, we will discuss the process of trading crypto.

Choosing a crypto exchange and setting up a wallet

Choosing a major, well-established exchange with a good reputation is the first step to acquire crypto. You should first load your account with fiat currency before you can use it to acquire crypto. Funding may be accomplished by using a bitcoin wallet.
Understanding market analysis and technical indicators

The volume of trading activity indicates consumer sentiment toward a digital asset. Likewise, acquaintance with a digital asset’s fundamental trading practices, increasing mainstream acceptance of a particular crypto, and adoption by external users would give you an idea about market sentiment.

Setting risk management and profit-taking strategies

Keep an eye on the latest news on your crypto portfolio since the crypto market is constantly changing. Crypto investors should know the tax implications of using crypto before purchasing or selling any holdings.

The future of crypto and blockchain

Blockchain is a digital database that makes it very difficult, if not impossible, to alter the data or deceive the system. Cryptos are decentralized digital currencies built on this open-source ledger system. Investors may get a sense of the crypto’s direction by monitoring the latest moves by the developers of the project.

Government regulations and legal framework

Before purchasing bitcoin or any crypto asset, one should consider the implications of taxes and regulation. Taxes and rules specific to countries might significantly impact projected profits from crypto investments.

Adoption by traditional financial institutions

Decentralized crypto networks are made possible by blockchain technology. Crypto blockchain is a system for maintaining trustworthy records of financial transactions. Due to their decentralized nature, crypto assets are not managed or governed by any central authority. In a sign of increasing crypto adoption by traditional institutions, the Nasdaq announced the launch of a digital assets division to serve institutional clients in September 2022. In a landmark move, US bank Morgan Stanley offered its wealthy clients access to bitcoin funds.

Advancements in blockchain technology

Knowing more about blockchain and crypto can help you evaluate investment opportunities thoroughly.

Impact on the global economy and industries

The global business landscape is dominated by large corporations which dominate a wide range of industries. The increasing crypto adoption is a boon for small entrepreneurs worldwide. It opens up new international markets for them rather than limiting themselves to national borders. Consumers may feel good about contributing to a worthy cause when patronizing a small business.

The popularity of crypto is beneficial for the global economy at large. Crypto plays a significant role in the democratization of money. Thus, crypto adoption goes a long way in achieving financial inclusion.

Security and safety measures

Following are some security and safety measures that will hold you in good stead while dealing with crypto.

Protecting your wallet and private keys

According to experts, one of the best methods to manage crypto is using a hardware wallet that can operate independently of the internet.

Keeping your crypto safe from hackers

Unfortunately, hacking and investor fraud at crypto exchanges are all too common. Ensure you open your account with a reputable and well-established major exchange that offers protection against hacking.

Be aware of scams and phishing attempts

Even after a decade, the crypto sector is still in its infancy. Therefore, it is much riskier since there is not much regulatory oversight.

Best practices for safe trading and investing in the crypto market

If you’re planning on investing more heavily in crypto, it makes sense to either learn how to organize your digital wallet or invest in a reputed physical wallet. Extend your horizons by reading up on stake mining, decentralized finance, and other related topics.


The blockchain is the underlying technology behind crypto. In contrast to traditional currency, digital money consists of a string of numbers and letters bonded together using a cryptographic hash.


How will the Ethereum merge affect NFTs?

The Ethereum merge is expected to improve scalability and reduce transaction fees, potentially making NFT transactions on Ethereum faster and cheaper.

Does OpenSea support arbitrum?

OpenSea does not currently support Arbitrum, but it may add support for it in the future.

Does OpenSea only use Ethereum?

OpenSea primarily operates on Ethereum, but it may explore other blockchains in the future.

Does OpenSea support sepolia?

OpenSea does not currently support Sepolia, but it may consider adding support for it depending on its adoption and demand.

Disclaimer: Crypto products and NFTs are unregulated and can be highly risky. There may be no regulatory recourse for any loss from such transactions. The information provided in this post is not to be considered investment/financial advice from CoinSwitch. Any action taken upon the information shall be at the user’s risk.

Share this:


Subscribe to our newsletter

Weekly crypto updates and insights delivered to your inbox.

Browse our Newsletter Archive for past editions.


Thank you for subscribing!
Please verify your email to start receiving the latest issues from Switch in your Inbox.
Powered by

Build your crypto portfolio on the
CoinSwitch app today

Scan the QR code below or find us on Google Play
Store or Apple App Store.

Build your crypto portfolio on the
CoinSwitch app today

Scan the QR code below or find us on Google Play Store or Apple App Store.