Web 3.0 plays a key role in creating the possibility of decentralization and decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs). To help you understand the full extent of its contribution, read on.
Introduction to Web 3.0 and DAOs
Web 3.0 is called the “Semantic” web as it comes to conclusions based on reasoning. This makes it unique compared to previous web versions, which match keywords to arrive at conclusions. But that’s not all.
Web 1.0 was the “read-only” web. Users could use it to fetch and read articles created by a few for a large group of readers. Web 2.0, the current version, on the other hand, has been a “participative social” web. Here, several users create content for a larger audience with the overall aim of enhancing user experience.
Compared to these two, Web 3.0 can be called the “read, write, execute” web. With it, the internet moves from centralized platforms like Google to decentralized platforms. The way of drawing conclusions changes with Web 3.0, as we have seen above. And it creates avenues for the emergence of decentralized groups like decentralized autonomous organizations.
DAOs are digital organizations governed by rules encoded on a blockchain. They are designed to be decentralized, autonomous, and transparent. Decisions are made democratically based on consensus without needing centralized authorities.
Understanding the concept of Web 3.0
Web 3.0 uses blockchain technology to facilitate the decentralization of data. It lets users interact with each other directly without the intervention of intermediaries. This is what creates the possibility of decentralized autonomous organizations (DAO).
An overview of DAOs
We have seen that DAOs are digital organizations that run on a set of rules embedded in a blockchain. Members run it through a set of smart contracts. Smart contracts are self-executing contracts automatically executed when predefined conditions are fulfilled. No human intervention is required for these contracts or organizations to operate.
Geographic boundaries and external regulations do not limit DAOs.
Building decentralized applications (dApps) with Web 3.0
Developers can build dApps that run on the blockchain offering users greater control over their data, and enhanced online experiences. To build dApps, they need to:
- Select the right blockchain platform.
- Choose the appropriate programming language.
- Set up your development environment by choosing the correct tools and frameworks.
- Create and deploy smart contracts.
- Use web development technologies to build the front end.
And that’s it. That’s how you build dApps.
Advantages of building dApps with Web 3.0
Web 3.0 is great because the dApps on it come with many advantages. These advantages have to do with the use of blockchain technology and smart contracts.
Blockchains ensure greater security with decentralization and immutability of data. Multiple sources can verify transactions, so they are relatively hack-resistant. And since all transactions are public, they ensure transparency and fairness.
Smart contracts ensure automatic execution when conditions are met. They, therefore, help automate many features and functions of dApps.
dApps on Web 3.0 are also designed to communicate with other dApps and blockchain environments. This allows developers to leverage the functionalities of different blockchains to enhance user experience.
Also, because dApps have decentralized community creators, they are inclusive and collaborative and facilitate constant improvements.
Technical aspects of building dApps with Web 3.0
The efficacy of your dApps will depend on the following technical aspects:
- How you create smart contracts,
- The choice of blockchain platform,
- The appropriate decentralized storage solution,
- The correct Web 3.0 Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to interact with the blockchain. (These help developers write code that will help them interact with smart contracts, process transactions, and read data.)
- The integration of wallet providers to help users interact with your dApp, and
- Rigorous testing of the dApp before deployment.
Enabling DAOs with Web 3.0 technologies
The use of blockchain technology, smart contracts, and the deployment of dApps help create autonomous and decentralized DAOs.
The role of blockchain technology in enabling DAOs
Blockchains provide a decentralized platform where all parties make decisions by voting. The blockchain lays out the rules in its code, so members can make decisions by establishing a consensus.
Smart contracts make it possible. These contracts also make the transactions immutable—meaning unalterable. These smart contracts that are a part of Web 3.0 are essential for creating DAOs because they set the ground rules for their operation.
The intersection of Web 3.0 and DAOs
DAOs, in turn, help create decentralized applications, causing Web 3.0 to flourish. They also create the conditions for actors in the Web 3.0 realm—dApp developers and users—to operate democratically and with transparency.
In decentralized finance (DeFi), especially, DAOs help take new decisions and introduce upgrades. The community controls and governs the DeFi protocols through DAOs.
Examples of Web 3.0-enabled DAOs
- MakerDAO: This DAO maintains the stablecoin DAI, which is pegged to the US dollar. Users borrow this stablecoin by offering their Ethereum assets as collateral. This helps maintain DAI’s stability.
- DAOstack: This is another DAO. It enables the creation and management of DAOs by providing tools for decentralized decision-making, etc.
Real-world applications of DAOs
DAOs are of use for the following things:
- Execution of proposals
- Funding of decentralized projects
- dApp governance,
- NFT-based investment opportunities
Challenges in implementing DAOs
When assets are vulnerable, there is no option but to get people to work together. DAOs help you do that, but due to the large scale, it can be challenging. Thus, one must ensure encryption, multi-factor authentication, and periodic security audits.
Also, since DAOs need the right infrastructure to execute administrative duties, that can be another challenge.
Furthermore, decentralized autonomous organizations do not operate in one location alone, so they often need to handle legal issues across different geographies. They need to be able to do this.
Finally, one may say that while democratization in voting is laudable, some decisions need expertise.
The future of DAOs and Web 3.0
Web 3.0 can help with the following in the future, and DAOs can play a role in all of them:
- The tokenizing assets and permiting fractional ownership of real estate;
- The setting up of social networks with greater control over data and content; and
- The creation of autonomous marketplaces where buyers/sellers meet directly, reducing costs.
Overall, Web 3.0 is spawning the growth of DAOs, and DAOs lead Web 3.0 to the next level. Together, they are effecting a paradigm shift in how people interact, transact, and create things in the future.