What are crypto wallets?
You can carry a dollar note, fold it and carry it around in your pocket. Alternatively, you can stack all your bills in a bank vault. Sadly, you can’t do the same thing with cryptos and NFTs as they exist digitally. Still, you will need a place to store crypto and other digital assets you may obtain from trading in the crypto market. Crypto wallets—the equivalent of a traditional bank or brokerage—can help you with this.
Put simply, a crypto wallet is a hardware device or software application that enables you to store and exchange digital assets. Crypto wallets can help you trade on an exchange, make purchases, and open a window to the amazing world of NFTs and decentralized finance, or DeFi.
How do crypto wallets work?
Technical language associated with crypto wallets can sound intimidating. But the way they operate is pretty straightforward. In essence, a “seed phrase” is created automatically when you acquire a crypto wallet. The seed key is then used by the wallet to generate private keys. Never ever divulge your private keys or seed phrase to anybody since this will provide them access to your valuables.
Practically speaking, consider the crypto wallet as a password manager for your crypto assets. Extending this comparison a bit further, your seed phrase serves as the wallet’s master password, which grants you access to your crypto wallet. What’s more, if you accidentally erase your crypto wallet, you may recreate it and access it again by keying in your seed phrase. However, if you misplace or forget your seed phrase, you will lose access to your wallet and all of its assets—permanently.
Private keys are somewhat similar to passwords. They provide you access to your wallet and help manage various elements in your wallet. Your private key also allows you to conduct transactions through a process known as “signing.”
Types of crypto wallets
Hot wallets or software wallets are desktop or mobile applications that can be downloaded and installed. MetaMask, WalletConnect, and Trust Wallet are some of the popular ones. Since secret keys are uploaded to the cloud and the wallet is always linked to the internet, software wallets are often handier and easier to access than hardware wallets. These wallets are in demand as they facilitate quick and easy trades. On the flip side, hot wallets are vulnerable to hacks and simpler to exploit, making them less secure.
Upsides of hot wallets:
- Excellent for both regular and micropayments
- Convenient and simple to use
- No need for a physical device
Downsides of hot wallets:
- Can be hacked easily
- Always connected to the internet
- You may lose access to your crypto wallet if you deactivate the software
Cold wallets or hardware wallets are physical devices, much like the USB stick that you generally use to save files externally. The only difference, though, is that you are storing crypto and NFTs instead. Ledger and Trezor are two popular cold wallets. You will have to physically plug this wallet into your computer to access the data contained in it. Your digital cash and assets will be stored on the device rather than on web servers. Assets saved in hardware wallets are often referred to be in “cold storage” and are significantly more protected than software wallets since they are completely detached from the network.
Even if the hardware wallets are linked, it is difficult to steal the goods stored. This is due to the fact that transaction signings are completed on-device with your private keys and then transmitted to the system via the internet. In other words, malware cannot access the information required to fake a signature since your encryption keys never leave your device.
Upsides of cold wallets
- Increased security
- The ability to save data offline
Downsides of cold wallets:
- Poor infratech to accept recurring payments
- Possible misplacement by the carrier
- Backup is required
How to use a crypto wallet
When it comes to minting and short-term trading, a hot wallet is the way to go. However, for security reasons, you should keep your most valuable funds in a hardware wallet. Wallets such as Metamask and Trust Wallet integrate well with your desktop or mobile web browser, allowing you to log in and transact on several NFT marketplaces.
Your entry point to the cryptoverse
Crypto acceptance is on the rise, with several large industry players endorsing the digital asset. And popularity fuels curiosity to learn more about crypto. A crypto wallet can serve as an entry point for newcomers to the cryptoverse. They serve as a storage location for your public and private keys, which are required to access your crypto assets on a network. Crypto wallets provide several options for managing your digital holdings. However, you would do well to exercise caution while selecting crypto wallets. As always, DYOR.