Fixed Deposit Beginner

How to choose the right FD for your investment needs

FD for investment

Fixed deposits (FDs), which give a fixed rate of return on your investment for a certain period, are popular investment avenues in India. Selecting the appropriate FD plan is crucial to ensure you receive the maximum returns on your investment. Choosing the best fixed deposit plans is difficult, as many schemes are available in the market. Before zeroing in on a scheme, one must consider factors such as interest rates, tenure, liquidity, and tax treatment.

Fixed deposits (FDs) explained

A fixed deposit (FD) is a financial product banks and financial institutions offer. You can deposit a large sum of cash for a certain period and earn interest at a fixed rate. Risk-averse individuals often choose FDs since the interest rates are typically higher than those on savings accounts.

FD terms range from a few months to a few years, and the interest rate is set for the whole period. Moreover, several FD types exist, including tax-saving, cumulative, and non-cumulative schemes. The interest rate, term, and penalties for early withdrawal should all be considered when selecting the best fixed deposit plans.

Factors to consider while making an investment in FD

Fixed deposit accounts are popular with individual investors who prefer consistent, risk-free returns. Although investing in FDs may seem a no-brainer, certain things should be evident before you invest in some of the best-fixed deposit plans.

Short-term vs. long-term investment goals

The time frames of short-term and long-term investments differ. Short-term goals typically relate to investments that mature in one to three years, whereas long-term goals typically entail assets that mature in five years or more. Regarding investing goals, the type of deposit is also a crucial factor. For instance, a short-term FD may offer lower interest rates yet offer liquidity and flexibility.

A long-term fixed deposit, on the other hand, would offer higher interest rates and help you build wealth over time. Basically, the selection between the two depends on personal preferences, financial situation, and risk tolerance.

Liquidity requirements

Liquidity requirement is another deciding factor in selecting fixed deposits. A liquid investment can be quickly converted into cash without losing much of its value. Liquidity is having access to money when you require it. Consider your liquidity requirements before investing in fixed deposit schemes. Selecting a short-term FD with a lower interest rate is preferable if you need the money before maturity.

The long-term FD option offers a higher interest rate if you can afford to lock in your money for longer. But if you need to withdraw your money before maturity, you may have to pay the penalty or settle for lower returns.

Withdrawal norms

Investors who seek guaranteed returns from low-risk investments prefer fixed deposits. However, considering the withdrawal requirements before making an FD investment is crucial. The withdrawal standards are based on the nature of the deposit in FD. For instance, in a cumulative FD, the principal and interest are paid at maturity together with interest, which is compounded yearly. In contrast, a non-cumulative FD pays the principal at maturity and might pay the interest quarterly, annually, or monthly.

Investors should consider their financial objectives and liquidity needs when choosing the type of deposit. A cumulative FD could be ideal for long-term investing goals, while a non-cumulative FD would be a better choice for investors who require a steady income. Investors should also consider the penalty for early FD withdrawal as it might significantly impact returns.

The credibility of the institution

Yes, FDs are risk-free products. Yet, the choice of the institution offering the deposit scheme is crucial. As with everything else in life, the institution’s reputation matters. Choose one with solid financials and a good track record of meeting its financial obligations.

Also, look for an organization with good credit ratings regulated by a government agency. One may investigate and evaluate the best fixed deposit plans reliable organizations offer to make the right decision. Investing in FDs with a reputable organization ensures the money is secure.

Rate of interest

When investing in fixed deposits, the interest rate is a significant factor. Different types of fixed deposits offer varying interest rates, and the rate of interest impacts the returns earned on an investment. It’s essential to consider the interest rate provided by the financial institution and how it measures up against other FD options in the market. The duration of the FD also influences the interest rate as the interest rate increases with the length of the tenure.


For individuals seeking a secure, low-risk investment alternative, fixed deposits are a good option. When investing in fixed deposit schemes, it’s important to consider variables, including interest rate, tenure, and flexibility. You may optimize your earnings and make an informed selection by comparing FDs offered by various banks and financial organizations.


Is investing in FDs a wise choice?

Investing in fixed deposits (FDs) might be wise for those prioritizing safety and predictability in their assets. Fixed deposit schemes are a low-risk investment choice since they provide a fixed rate of return.

What is the ideal tenure for an FD?

Your liquidity requirements and financial objectives determine the ideal FD term. Short-term FDs (less than a year) are the best option for those who require immediate access to their money, while long-term FDs (five years or more) provide higher interest rates.

Why should one invest in FD?

Unlike other investments, FD investments are not impacted by market fluctuations. They are regarded as safe investment avenues mainly because of this. Investors may be confident that their earned money will generate substantial returns based on the interest rate the bank offers.

Can I earn money from FD?

FDs do make it possible to earn money. Savings accounts often provide lower interest rates than FDs, which prevents you from earning income on your money in savings. On the other hand, FD interest income is subject to taxation.

Can I withdraw money from FD at any time?

Yes, you are allowed to withdraw your money from FDs before maturity. However, you may get a lower interest rate or pay the penalty if you take out your money before the loan’s maturity date. Before making early withdrawals, reviewing your FD’s terms and conditions is crucial.

How do I choose the best fixed deposit?

Compare fixed deposit interest rates, opt for cumulative schemes, check ratings, consider short-term FDs, and use a ladder investment strategy. Focus on yields and select a reliable institution.

Which FD scheme is best?

The best FD scheme depends on your preferences. Compare interest rates, tenure options, and payout frequencies. Consider reputed banks like SBI, HDFC, or explore options from small finance banks.

Which bank gives 8% interest?

Union Bank of India and DCB Bank are among banks offering up to 8% interest on fixed deposits. Kotak Mahindra Bank and SBI have also hiked rates recently.

What is a better option than FD?

Mutual funds, Public Provident Fund (PPF), gold investments, real estate investment trusts (REITs), post office time deposits, debt mutual funds, and corporate deposits are popular alternatives offering potential higher returns than fixed deposits.

Disclaimer: Fixed deposit products are generally considered safe investments as they are not subject to market fluctuations. However, investors are advised to exercise caution while investing in FDs. Risks include the financial position and solvency of the issuing company/entity during the tenure of the deposit. The facts mentioned in this article are for informational purposes only and should not be considered investment/financial advice from CoinSwitch.

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